The History of Moissanite
Approximately fifty thousand years ago a meteor crashed into the Arizona desert creating what we call now a "Meteor Crater."
Due to this cash fragments of this unknown meteorite were scattered across the desert, however hidden in these fragments was a brilliant secret that lay waiting to be discovered.
Then in 1893, Nobel-Prize winning scientist Henri Moissan began studying these fragments of this meteorite. In these fragments, Dr. Moissan discovered minute quantities of a shimmering new mineral, with fire and brilliance that had not been seen before.
After extensive research lasting several years, Dr. Moissan concluded that this mineral was made of silicon carbide and in 1905 this mineral was named moissanite, in his honor.
Despite this amazing discovery and since naturally occurring quantities of moissanite are so minute, it would be another century before this stunning mineral would emerge as the brilliant stone it is today.
In the summer of 1995, a master diamond cutter observed samples of moissanite and suggested that properly cut crystals would make a brilliant new stone.
Naturally occurring quantities of moissanite are so minute that they are not suitable for use in jewellery.
Then after a century of research, the one company in the world (Charles & Colvard) became capable of growing moissanite crystals suitable for use as precious stones. Even now the process is so complex, that it is as much an art as a science producing a very limited quantity of these created stones.
Moissanite Unique Properties and Facts
The beauty of any stone is normally determined by its colour, brilliance, fire and lustre.
Moissanite / Diamond Brilliance Comparison :
The brilliance of a stone is created by cutting designs that use the stones refractive index and is measured by the amount of light that enters the stone and is reflected back to the viewer.
Moissanite has a refractive index (i.e. brilliance) of 2.65-2.69 whereas diamond has a lower one of 2.42 that is 10% lower than Moissanite.
Moissanite / Diamond Fire Dispersion Comparison:
The dispersion of a stone combined with the cutting design results in the "fire," or the breaking of light rays into the spectrum of colours and is measured by the amount of coloured flashes viewed when the stone is moved in various lighting conditions.
Moissanite has a fire dispersion of 0.104 whereas a diamond has again a much lower one of 0.044 that is over 50% lower than Moissanite.
Moissanite / Diamond Lustre Comparison:
This is the amount of light that is reflected back to the observer from the surface of the stone.
Moissanite has a lustre dispersion of 20.4% a diamond has a lower one of 17.2% that is over 15% lower than Moissanite.
All these comparisons conclusively show and prove that Moissanite is not only the real alternative to diamond but is also a better one